Day 1: The Battle of Caporetto, exemplary defeat
In May 1915 Italy went to war against Austria-Hungary and early it found himself involved in what would be known to history as the Great War. The “Carso” and the “Isonzo” river was the scene of the bloodiest fighting and most famous battle was the “defeat of Caporetto”-defeat for the italian army, brilliant brick-busting action for the Austro-German.
From these places and events begins our journey to discover the “Carso” region, along the edge of a memory is still alive and in a natural setting of great charm.
Day 2: Memories of war
Impressive as the silence that surrounds him early in the morning , the ” Monumental Cemetery of the unconquered ,” shrine of Redipuglia , inspires a deep sense of respect, as astonished wonder at the majesty of sorrow and tragedy.
More than on other battlefields, in the “Carso” rocky nature of the soil determined the appearance and texture of the trenches, wich had to be dug out of the rock or fit the profile of sinkholes, ravines and valleys, and every natural cavern was to obtain in-depth caves and underground shelters.
The modest reliefs of the “Carso” were the scene of bloody and harsh battles: many regiments on both sides were killed in pointless battles to conquer no-essential objectives.
The memories of these events lie in these places still harsh, and although hidden by time and vegetation, are still able to tell the events of a hundred years ago. As far as the environment is tough , on the “carso” men have learned to live , to cultivate the land , that there is at least : we also discover this and discover the imprint left on this earth that bear fruit. All this before you lean out over the sea of Sistiana .
Day 3: To the rhythm of the verses
At one end the bay of Sistiana protects its boats from the threats of the sea, the other extreme is perched on a promontory, with its solid mass, the castle of Duino, that has been there for seven hundred years and hosted among others the poet of Prague Rainer Maria Rilke, which is dedicated to the trail that joins the two extremes. The path “Rilke” is suspended over the sea, at the edge of a cliff and striking spectacular cliffs, towers, rocks shaped by erosion and offer spectacular views. The Castle tells the story of the family of the princes of Thurn und Taxis, whose family name is linked, since the 1400, the European postal services, of which the monopoly held it in various states for more than three hundred and fifty. In “Duino” harbour have lunch by the sea, in an atmosphere full of memories and nostalgia.
Despite the rugged nature of the terrain, the “Carso” has established itself as a prestigious wine area, thanks to the courageous work of passionate winemakers, who have been able to exploit the characteristics of their native vines, through good use of the micro-climate that the influence of the sea mixes with the strength of the cold bora winds. Entering the cellars dug into the rock helps to understand the soul of this land and its inhabitants. As Dario Zidarich, which matures one of his cheeses in a well 80 meters deep, in which it falls with the equipment of a speleologist.
Day 4: Impregnable fortress
During the Great War the Mount “Ermada” constituted an insurmountable barrier for the Italian soldiers who were assaulting him to open the way to Trieste. Fortified since the early days of the war with several lines of trenches, with numerous artificial caves carved into the rock that is added to natural adapted for military purposes, it represented the last bastion of the Austro-Hungarians.
They are still there, often hidden, the signs of this story that you unveil through an itinerary of great historical interest and natural beauty. Malchina and Ceroglie are quiet and rural villages, where the passage of time does not seem disturbed by the hustle and bustle of the towns on the coast. The territory of Slivia the remains of two forts and is rich in caves in one of these will make acquaintance with the underground world of the “Carso”. Not until we had eaten with sheep cheese from a small breeder
Day 5: Without obstacles to look
Immerse yourself in the extensive woods of oak and turkey or pine forests of black pine, along secluded paths that lead to towns and villages enclosed in a quiet and apparent starvation, between vineyards and small plots of rare earth red. And at the same time taking a trip back in time, on the trail of the first inhabitants of the “Carso” which have left traces of themselves in the caves used as a shelters or in the forts erected for the protection of modest hoses and huts. Or follow deceptive streets that meander in the rugged rocks, fields, dolines and patches of bush, running into curious and spectacular examples of erosion, with bizarre rock formations shaped by grooves , trays of erosion, dissolution holes.
Climb the small reliefs that claim to be called mountains, and they can vacate the look over the edge of the horizon.
Penetrating into the dark caves carved by the water over thousands of years, to be blinded by the sun reflecting off the sea.
The “Carso” is all this, “a land of limestone and junipers”, harsh and painful, remained wild in spite of the men who live it for century. But always there is a table friend and this time will be to a small farm, with its goat cheese, vegetables, meat of reared outdoors animals.
Day 6: Overlooking the sea
The “Carso” sinks in the sea cliff, but on the verge of “ridge” you walk along paths and lanes suspended halfway, fragrant fennel and sage. A nice road will lead us to a saddle that recalls the important opening of the road between Trieste and Vienna in 1830, a path that goes into a neat pine forest reaches a temple that protects the city and its large bay, which, in the days of sun, is flooded with light. The views follow one another spectacular, large, on the city, and on the coasts. Tired of space, we will discover the underworld, visiting the “giant cave”, one of the largest natural caves in the world. Brought to light a visit to a mill we will know the quality of the oil produced in the Karst region. Finally Trieste, friendly and lively, where it is easy to stay up late in the evening.
Day 7: The ancient earth of Trieste
Trieste is a city in the Central of Europe in style but also in culture, has always been a meeting place of different races, religions and peoples, the nodal point of the trade routes between the Adriatic and the Central European area, a fate already contained in the name: “Tergeste”, the name which was at the time of its foundation, means “market town”. Experienced a rapid growth during the XVIII century, when the Habsburg empire made him the first port on the Adriatic in the development of the market economy. His past as a center for business and trading has given her a rational urban structure and palaces in neoclassical and eclectic references with Italians and viennese. Unforgettable is the visit of the Miramare castle, built as his residence by Archduke Maximilian of Hapsburg, struck by the beauty of the area.